Grubby Paws - For Your Pets Healthy Eating

Conclusions I Cats & Dogs Are Designed For an Almost Exclusively Meat-Based Diet

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Several key anatomical features separate dogs and cats from omnivores and herbivores, while clearly classifying them as carnivores with an adaptation for an almost exclusively meat based diet.

  1. Dogs & cats possess a short, simple gastro-intestinal tract. Because meat is easily digested (relative to plants) their small intestines are short.
  2. A high concentration of stomach acid helps quickly break down proteins (Carnivores have a stomach acidity of about pH 1 - compared to humans at pH 4 to 5).

TEETH & JAWS

  1. A large mouth opening with a single hinge joint adapted for swallowing whole chunks of meat.
  2. Short and pointed teeth designed for grasping, ripping and shredding meat (not grinding grains).
  3. Teeth and jaws designed to swallow food whole (not for chewing or crushing plants).

DIGESTIVE ENZYMES

  1. Adapted to break down protein and fat from meat (not plants or grains), the saliva of dogs and cats does not contain the digestive enzyme amylase.
  2. Carnivores don‘t chew their food. Unlike carbohydrate-digesting enzymes, protein-digesting enzymes cannot be released in the mouth due to the potential of damaging the oral cavity (auto digestion).
  3. Therefore, carnivores do not mix their food with saliva—they simply bite off huge chunks of meat and swallow them whole.
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